Regions of Europe
Mount Athos, also called Holy Mountain (Áyion Óros) has enjoyed an autonomous statute since Byzantine times. It is a unique monastic republic of Orthodox monks inhabiting 20 monasteries and dependencies (skítes), and it is governed by its own local administration.
The monks are detached even from each other, reserving most of their time for prayer and solitude. It occupies the easternmost of the three promontories of the Halkidiki peninsula, which projects from the Macedonia region into the Aegean Sea. The capital and only town of Holy Mountain is Karyes (Καρυές).
Coat of Arms: The Ecumenical Patriarchate and Mount Athos use a black double-headed eagle in a yellow field as their emblem. The eagle is depicted as clutching a sword and an orb with a crown above and between its two heads.
Sources: UNESCO | National Geographic | Britannica | Wikipedia